Paper Code: 
GEO 203
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 

Chain and Tape Survey : Introduction to the techniques of field survey in Geography. Importance of Chain and Tape Surveying, Characteristics. Stages of Surveying, Study of the instruments used in the survey.

Introduction to Surveying

1. Open Traverse

2. Closed Traverse

Merits and Demerits of Chain and Tape survey.

Weather Maps : Study of Indian weather maps of January and July. Weather Symbols. One dimensional diagrams (Concept and uses). Construction of a Climograph and Hythergraph.

Essential Readings: 
  1. Singh.R.L, Elements of Practical Geography,Kalyani publishers ,New Delhi. 
  2. Sharma.J.P,Practical Geography,Rastogi Publishers,Merut.
  1. Monkhouse, F.J.: Maps and Diagrams, Methuen & Co,. London
  2. Singh,R.L. and Dutt, P.K.: Elements of practical Geography, Students Friends, Allahabad
  3. Mishra,R.P. and Ramesh,A.: Fundamental of Cartography, Macmillan, New Delhi. 1986
  4. Garnett,A: Geographical Interpretation of Topographical Maps. George Harrap & Co., London
  5. Birch, T.W.: Topographical & Statistics Maps, Clarndon Press, Oxford